Gerardo Toledo

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Publications in scientific journals


  1. Toledo, G., Green, W., Gonzalez, R.A., Christoffersen, L., Podar, M., Chang, H.W.,Hemscheidt, T., Trapido-Rosenthal, H., Short, J.M., Bidigare, RR., and Mathur, EJ. 2006. High throughput cultivation for isolation of novel marine microorganisms. Oceanography 29: 100-105.


  2. Zengler, K., Walcher, M., Clark, G., Haller, I., Toledo, G., Holland, T., Mathur, E.J., Woodnutt, G., Short, J.M. and Keller, M. 2005. High throughput cultivation of microorganisms using microcapsules. Methods Enzymology 397:124-30.

  3. Mathur, E.J., Toledo, g., Green, B.D., Podar, M., Richardson, T.H., Kulwiec, M. and Chang, H.W. 2005 A biodiversity-based approach to development of performance enzymes: Applied metagenomics and directed evolution. Industrial Biotechnology 1: 283-287


  4. Toledo, G. and Palenik B. 2003. A Synechococcus serotype is found preferentially in surface marine waters. Limnology and Oceanography 48: 17441755.


  5. Zengler, K., Toledo G., Rappe M., Elkins J., Mathur EJ., Short J., Keller M. 2002. Cultivating the uncultured. Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences 99: 15681-15686.


  6. Toledo, G., Bashan Y., and Rojas A. 2001. Monitoring of black mangrove reforestation with nursery-reared seedlings on an arid coastal lagoon. Hydrobiology. 444:101-109.


  7. Toledo, G., Palenik, B., and Brahamsha, B. 1999. Swimming marine Synechococcus strains with widely different photosynthetic pigment ratios form a monophyletic group. Applied Environmental Microbiology 65: 5247-5251.

  8. Palenik, B., Toledo G., and Ferris M. 1999. Cyanobacterial diversity in marine ecosystems a seen by RNA polymerase (rpoC1) gene sequences. In: Marine cyanobacteria. L. Charpy and A.W.D. Larkum (eds). Bull. Inst. Oceanog. Monaco. 19:101-105.


  9. Bashan, Y., Puente, ME., Myrold, D. D., and Toledo, G. 1998. In vitro transfer of fixed nitrogen from diazotrophic filamentous cyanobacteria to black mangrove seedlings. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 26: 165-170.


  10. Toledo, G. and Palenik, B. 1997. Synechococcus diversity in the California current as seen by RNA polymerase (rpoC1) gene sequences of isolated strains. Applied Environmental Microbiology 63: 4298-4303.


  11. Toledo, G., Bashan, Y. and Soeldner, A. 1995. Cyanobacteria and black mangroves in Northwestern Mexico colonization, and diurnal and seasonal nitrogen fixation on aerial roots. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41: 999-1011.

  12. Toledo, G., Bashan, Y. and Soeldner, A. 1995. In vitro colonization and increase in nitrogen fixation of seedling roots of black mangrove inoculated by a filamentous cyanobacteria. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 41: 1012-1020. Cover page picture of journal.

  13. Bashan, Y., Toledo, G. and Holguin, G. 1995. Flat top decay syndrome of the giant cardon cactus (Pachycereus pringlei) description and distribution in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 683-692.

  14. Bashan, Y., Puente, M.E., Rodriguez-Mendoza, M.N., Toledo, G., Holguin, G., Ferrera-Cerrato, R. and Pedrin, S. 1995. Survival of Azospirillum brasilense in the bulk soil and rhizosphere of 23 soil types. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 1938-1945.


  15. Toledo, G. and Bashan, Y. 1994. Nitrogen fixation in black mangroves (Avicennia germinans) by associative cyanobacteria. In: Improving plant productivity with rhizosphere bacteria. Edited by M.H. Ryder, P.M. Stephens, and G.D. Bowen. Division of Soils CSIRO, Australia. pp. 59-60.

  16. Toledo, G., Bashan, Y., Holguin, G., Vazquez-Correa, P. and Lopez-Cortes, A. 1994. Nitrogen- fixing and phosphate-solubilizing bacteria in mangrove communities. In: Transactions of the 15th World Congress of Soil Science. Edited by J.D. Etchevers. International Society of Soil Science, 4b. pp. 219-220


  17. Bashan Y., Alcaraz-Melendez L., and Toledo G. 1992. Responses of soybean and cowpea root membranes to inoculation with Azospirillum brasilense. Symbiosis13: 217-228.

    Selected Scientific Publications In Spanish


  18. Bashan, Y., Toledo G., Gonzalez L., and Holguin G. 2000. The fall of the giants: An analysis of the cactus decay in Baja California. Ciencia y Desarrollo. Journal of the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico. 26:31-37.


  19. Holguin, G., Bashan Y., Mendoza Salgado R., Amador E., Toledo G., Vazquez P. and Amador A. 1999. The Microbiology of the mangroves. Ciencia y Desarrollo. Journal of the National Council of Science and Technology of Mexico. 25: 26-35.


  20. Bashan, Y., Gonzalez L., Toledo G., Leon de la Luz J.L. and Bethlenfalvay, G. 1998. A Proposal for the conservation of exceptional areas of the giant cactus (Pachycereus pringlei) in Baja California. Mexican cactus and succulents. Journal of the Mexican Society for Cactus and succulents. XLIII:85-89.

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Gerardo Toledo Ph. D.

Bashan Fuondation

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