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Salme Timmusk

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  1. Fetsiukh, A., Bunio, L., Patsula, O., Timmusk, S., Terek, O. 2022. Content of Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Antioxidants in Salix viminalis L. Grown on the Stebnyk Tailing. Acta Agrobotanica. Volume 75, 752. doi: 10.5586/aa.752.
  2. Timmusk, S., de-Bashan, L.E. 2022. Microbiome: A Tool for PlantStress Management in Future Production Systems. Stresses. 2, 210–212. doi: 10.3390/stresses2020014.
  3. 2021

  4. Timmusk S., Teder T., Behers L. 2021. Paenibacillus polymyxa A26 and Its Surfactant-Deficient Mutant Degradation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Stresses. 1(4):266-276. doi: 10.3390/stresses1040019.
  5. Fetsiukh A., Conrad J., Bergquist J., Timmusk S. 2021. Silica Particles Trigger the Exopolysaccharide Production of Harsh Environment Isolates of Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria and Increase Their Ability to Enhance Wheat Biomass in Drought-Stressed Soils. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 22(12):6201. doi: 10.3390/ijms22126201
  6. supplementary material


  7. Timmusk, S., Nevo, E., Ayele, F., Noe, S., Niinemets, Ü. 2020. Fighting Fusarium Pathogens in the Era of Climate Change: A Conceptual Approach. Pathogens. 9(6):419. doi: 10.3390/pathogens9060419.
  8. 2019

  9. Timmusk, S., Zucca, C. 2019. The plant microbiome as a resource to increase crop productivity and soil resilience: A systems approach. Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences. 14:181. doi: 10.4314/jcas.v14i3.
  10. Timmusk, S., Copolovici, D., Copolovici, L., Teder, T., Nevo, E., Behers, L. 2019. Paenibacillus polymyxa biofilm polysaccharides antagonise Fusarium graminearum. Scientific Reports. 9. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37718-w.
  11. 2018

  12. Derkach, I., Timmusk, S., Romanyuk, N. 2018. Total phenolic, anthocyanins and TBA-active pro­ducts in buckwheat plants under NaCl impact. Studia Biologica. 12:27-34. doi: 10.30970/sbi.1203.550.
  13. Timmusk, S., Seisenbaeva, G., and Behers, L. 2018. Titania (TiO2) nanoparticles enhance the performance of growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Scientific Reports. 8:617. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-18939-x.
  14. 2017

  15. Timmusk, S., Behers, L., Muthoni, J., Muraya, A., and Aronsson, A.C. 2017. Perspectives and challenges of microbial application for crop improvement. Frontiers in Plant Science. 8:49. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00049.
  16. 2016

  17. Timmusk, S. 2016. SDGs: Bridging of science and innovations with local conditions. Irrigation & Drainage Systems Engineering. 5:3. doi: 10.4172/2168-9768.1000e127.
  18. 2015

  19. Abd El Daim, I.A., Haggblom, P., Karlsson, M., Stenstrom, E., and Timmusk, S. 2015. Paenibacillus polymyxa A26 Sfp-type PPTase inactivation limits bacterial antagonism against Fusarium graminearum but not of F.culmorum in kernel assay. Frontiers in Plant Science. 6:368. doi:10.3389/fpls.2015.00368.
  20. Timmusk, S., Kim, S.B., Nevo, E., El Daim, I.A., Ek, B., Bergquist, J., a Behers, L. 2015. Sfp-type PPTase inactivation promotes bacterial biofilm formation and ability to enhance wheat drought tolerance. Frontiers in Microbiology. 6. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00387.
  21. 2014

  22. Timmusk, S., Abd El-Daim, I.A., Copolovici, L., Tanilas, T., Kannaste, A., Behers, L., Nevo, E., Gulaim, S. Stenstrom, E. and Niinements, U. 2014. Drought-tolerance of wheat improved by soil bacteria from harsh environments: enhanced biomass production and reduced emissions of stress volatiles. PlosONE. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0096086.
  23. 2013

  24. Kim, S.B. and Timmusk, S. 2013. A simplified method for gene knockout and direct screening of recombinant clones for application in Paenibacillus polymyxa. PLoSONE. 10.1371/journal.pone.0068092.
  25. Timmusk, S., Timmusk, K., and Behers, L. 2013. Rhizobacterial plant drought stress tolerance enhancement: Towards sustainable water resource management and Food Security. Journal of Food Security. 1: 6-9.
  26. 2012

  27. Timmusk, S. and Behers, L. 2012. Rhizobacterial application for sustainable water management on the areas of limited water resources. Irrigation and Drainage Systems Engineering 10.4172/2168-9768.1000e111 v.1: 4.
  28. Timmusk, S. and Behers, L. 2012. Enhancing drought tolerance in crops. http://pub.epsilon.slu.se/9324/.
  29. 2011

  30. Timmusk, S., Paalme, V., Pavlicek, T., Bergquist, J., Vangala, A., Tanilas, T. and Nevo, E. 2011. Bacterial distribution in the rhizosphere of wild barley under contrasting microclimates PLoS ONE. 6(3): e17968. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017968.
  31. 2009

  32. Timmusk, S., Yan J., Paalme, V., Lagercrantz, U. and Nevo, E. 2009. Detection and quantification of Paenibacillus polymyxa in the rhizosphere of wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum) with real-time PCR. Journal of Applied Microbiology 107: 736-745.

  33. Timmusk, S., van West, P., Gow, C. N. and Huffstutler, R. P. 2009. Paenibacillus polymyxa antagonizes oomycete plant pathogens Phytophthora palmivora and Pythium aphanidermatum. Journal of Applied Microbiology 106: 1472-1481.
  34. 2007

  35. Haggag, W. and Timmusk, S. 2007. Colonization of peanut roots by biofilm forming Paenibacillus polymyxa initiates biocontrol against crown rot disease. Journal of Applied Microbiology 104: 961-969.
  36. 2005

  37. Timmusk, S., Grantcharova, N. and Wagner, E. G. H. 2005. Paenibacillus polymyxa invades plant roots and forms biofilms. Applied Environmental Microbiology 11: 7292-7300.
  38. 1999

  39. Timmusk, S. and Wagner, E. G. H. 1999 The plant-growth-promoting rhizobacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa induces changes in Arabidopsis thaliana gene expression: a possible connection between biotic and abiotic stress responses. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interacttions 12: 951-959.

  40. Timmusk, S., Nicander, B., Granhall, U. and Tillberg, E. 1999 Cytokinin production by Paenibacillus polymyxa. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 31: 1847-1852.

Chapter in books


  1. Timmusk, S. and Nevo, E. 2010 Plant root associated biofilms. In: Bacteria in agrobiology. Vol 3. Plant nutrient management. Ed. Maheshwari, D.K. Review Springer Verlag, pp. 1-12.
  2. 2003

  3. Timmusk, S., van West, P., Gow, N. A. R. and Wagner, E. G. H. 2003. Antagonistic effects of Paenibacillus polymyxa towards the oomycete plant pathoges Phytophthora palmivora and Pythium aphanidermatum. In: Dept of Cell and Mol Biol. Uppsala University ISBN 91 554 5802 5.
  4. 2002

  5. Timmusk, S., Golovko, A., Tillberg, E. and Nicander, B. 2002 Cytokinin production from tRNA in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. In: Dept of Plant Biology. Uppsala: Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. ISBN 91-576-6154-5.