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Ivan Kennedy

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  1. Kennedy I.R., and Hodzic M. 2021. Partitioning entropy with action mechanics: Predicting chemical reaction rates and gaseous equilibria of reactions of hydrogen from molecular properties. Entropy. 23: 1056. doi: 10.3390/e23081056.

  2. Kennedy I.R., and Hodzic M. 2021. Action and Entropy in Heat Engines: An Action Revision of the Carnot Cycle. Entropy. 23: 860. doi: 10.3390/e23070860.


  3. Naher U.A., Choudhury A.T.M.A., Biswas J.C., Panhwar Q.A., and Kennedy I.R. 2020. Prospects of using leguminous green manuring crop Sesbania rostrata for supplementing fertilizer nitrogen in rice production and control of environmental pollution. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 43(2): 285–296. doi: 10.1080/01904167.2019.1672734.


  4. McGrath G., Rao P.S.C., Mellander P.E., Kennedy I.R., Rose M., and van-Zwieten L. 2019. Real-time forecasting of pesticide concentrations in soil. Science of the Total Environment. 663, 709–717. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.01.401.

  5. Kennedy I.R., and Hodzic M. 2019. Testing the hypothesis that variations in atmospheric water vapour are the main cause of fluctuations in global temperature. Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences. 7(2): 870-880. doi:10.21533/pen.

  6. Kennedy I.R., Geering H., Rose M., and Crossan A. 2019. A simple method to estimate Entropy and free energy of atmospheric gases from their action. Entropy. 21: 454. doi:10.3390/e21050454.


  7. Uraiponga, C., Allanb, R.D., Lic, C., Kennedyc, I.R., Wonga, V., Lee, N.A. 2018. 17β-Estradiol residues and estrogenic activities in the Hawkesbury River, Australia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 164: 363-369. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2018.08.013.


  8. Sanchez-Bayo, F., de-Almeida, L., Williams, R., Wright, G., Kennedy, I.R., and Crossan, A. 2017. The Aflatoxin Quicktesttm-A practical tool for ensuring safety in agricultural procedure In: (Ed.), Poisoning - From Specific Toxic Agents to Novel Rapid and Simplified Techniques for Analysis. IntechOpen. doi: 10.5772/intechopen.71331.

  9. Uraipong, C., Allan, R.D., Li, C., Kennedy, I.R., Wong, V., and Lee, N.A. 2017. A survey of 17a-ethinylestradiol and mestranol residues in Hawkesbury River, Australia, using a highly specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) demonstrates the levels of potential biological significance. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 144: 585-592. doi: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2017.06.077.

  10. Nguyen, T.H., Phan, T.C., Choudhury, A.T., Rose, M.T., Deaker, R.J., and Kennedy, I.R. 2017. BioGro: A Plant Growth-Promoting Biofertilizer Validated by 15 Years’ Research from Laboratory Selection to Rice Farmer’s Fields of the Mekong Delta. In: Agro-Environmental Sustainability. Chapter 11. Springer International Publishing. J.S. Singh, G. Seneviratne (eds.). pp. 237-254. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-49724-2_11.


  11. Ahmed, M.F., Kennedy, I.R., and Choudhury, A.T.M.A. 2016. Effects of bacterial inoculants and sources of phosphorus on yield and phosphorus uptake of wheat. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 39(4): 508-522. doi: 10.1080/01904167.2015.1086794.

  12. Bui, Q.A., Vu, T.H.H., Ngo, V.K.T., Kennedy, I.R., Lee, N.A., and Allan, R. 2016. Development of an ELISA to detect clenbuterol in swine products using a new approach for hapten design. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 408(22): 6045-6052. doi: 10.1007/s00216-016-9750-2.

  13. Gee, S. J., Kennedy, I.R., Lee, N.A., Ohkawa, H., Prapamontol, T., and Xu, T. 2016. Immunoanalysis for environmental monitoring and human health. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. doi: 10.1007/s00216-016-9666-x.

  14. Ahmed, M.F., Kennedy, I.R., and Choudhury, A.T.M.A. 2016. Effects of bacterial inoculants and sources of phosphorus on yield and phosphorus uptake of wheat. Journal of plant nutrition. 39(4):508-522.

  15. Kecskes, M.L., Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Casteriano, A.V., Deaker, R., Roughley, R.J., Lewin, L., Ford, R., and Kennedy, I.R. 2016. Effects of bacterial inoculants biofertilizers on growth, yield and nutrition of rice Australia. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 39(3):377-388.

  16. Kennedy, I.R., and Ganguli, N. 2016. N2-Fixing trees for profitable farm forestry summary. Agriculture and Forestry. 62(1):29-36.

  17. Rose, M.T., Cavagnaro, T.R., Scanlan, C.A., Rose, T.J., Vancov, T., Kimber, S., Kennedy, I.R., Kookana, R.S., and Zwieten, L.V. 2016. Impact of Herbicides on Soil Biology and Function. Advances in Agronomy. 136:133-220.


  18. Kennedy, I.R. 2015. Computation of planetary atmospheres by action mechanics using temperature gradients consistent with the virial theorem. International Journal of Energy and Environment. 9:129-146.

  19. Burns, M., Hanson, M. L., Prosser, R. S., Crossan, A. N., and Kennedy, I. R. 2015. Growth Recpvery of Lemna gibba and Lemna minor Following a 7-Day Exposure to the Herbicide Diuron. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 95(2):150-156.


  20. Shi, Y., Burns, M., Ritchie, R. J., Crossan, A., and Kennedy, I. R. 2014 Probabilistic risk assessment of diuron and prometryn in the Gwydir River catchment, Australia, with the input of a novel bioassay based on algal growth. Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 106: 213-219.

  21. Rose, M. T., Phuong, T. L., Nhan, D. K., Cong, P. T., Hien, N. T., and Kennedy, I. R. 2014 Up to 52% N fertilizer replaced by biofertilizer in lowland rice via farmer participatory research. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 1-12.

  22. Ahmed, M. F., Kennedy, I. R., and Choudhury, A. T. M. A. 2014 Evaluation of phosphorus mobilization potentials of six bacterial strains from four insoluble phosphorus sources. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 45: 2341–2362

  23. Choudhury, A. T. M. A., Kecskes, M. L. and Kennedy, I. R. 2014 Utilization of BNF technology supplementing urea N for sustainable rice production. Journal of Plant Nutrition 37: 1627–1647.

  24. Hien, N. T., Toan, P. V., Choudhury, A. T., Rose, M. T., Roughley, R. J., and Kennedy, I. R. 2014 Field application strategies for the inoculant biofertilizer biogro supplementing fertilizer nitrogen application in rice production. Journal of Plant Nutrition 37: 1837-1858.


  25. Kennedy, I. R., Rose, M. T., Crossan, A. and Burns, M 2013 Research and practice: environmental action for improving water quality in cotton catchments since 1990. Crop and Pasture Science 64: 1095-1111.

  26. Ganguli, N.K. and Kennedy, I.R. 2013 Indigenous actinorhizal plants of Australia. Journal of Biosciences 38: 1–11.

  27. Masinde, L. A., Sheng, W., Xu, X., Zhang, Y., Yuan, M., Kennedy, I.R. and Wang, S. 2013 Colloidal gold based immunochromatographic strip for the simple and sensitive determination of aflatoxin B1 and B2 in corn and rice. Microchimica Acta DOI 10.1007/s00604-013-1008-5

  28. Armbrust, K., Burns, M., Crossan, A.N., Fischhoff, D.A., Hammond, L.E., Johnston, J.J., Kennedy, I.R., Rose, M.T., Seiber, J.N. and Solomon, K. 2013 Perspectives on communicating risks of chemicals. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 61: 4676-4691


  29. Kennedy, I.R., Nguyen, H. T., Cong, P. T., Amprayn, K., Krishnen, G., Rose, M. T., Crossan, A., Yan, Z. and Wang S. 2012 New biotechnologies for sustaining greener agriculture. International Journal of Environmental and Rural Development 3: 88-93

  30. Amprayn, K., Rose, M. T., Kecskes, M., Pereg, L., Nguyen, H. T. and Kennedy, I.R. 2012 Plant growth promoting characteristics of soil yeast (Candida tropicalis HY) and its effectiveness for promoting rice growth. Applied Soil Ecology 61: 295–299

  31. Yuan, M., Na, Y., Li, L., Liu, B., Sheng, W., Lu, X., Kennedy, I.R., Crossan, A. and Wang, S. 2012 Computer-aided molecular modeling study on antibody recognition of small molecules: an immunoassay for triazine herbicides. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 60: 10486-10493


  32. Krishnen, G., Kecskés, M. L., Rose, M. T., Geelan-Small, P., Amprayn, K., Pereg, L. and Kennedy, I. R. 2011 Field monitoring of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria by colony immunoblotting. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 51: 914-922

  33. Deaker, R., Kecskes, M. L., Rose, M. T., Amprayn, K., Krishnen, G., Cue, T. T. K., Nga, V. T., Cong, P. T., Hien, N. T. and Kennedy, I.R. 2011 Practical methods for the quality control of inoculant biofertilisers. Monograph No. 148 Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR): Camberra pp.30

  34. Wisniewski-Dyé, F., Borziak, K., Khalsa-Moyers, G., Alexandre, G., Sukharnikov, L.O., Wuichet, K., Hurst, G.H., McDonald, W.H., Robertson, J.S., Barbe, V., Calteau, A., Rouy, Z., Mangenot, S., Prigent-Combaret, C., Normand, P., Boyer, M., Siguier, P., Dessaux, Y., Elmerich, C., Condemine, G., Krishnen, G., Kennedy, I.R., Paterson, A.H., González, V., Mavingui, P., Zhulin, I.B., 2011. Azospirillum genomes reveal transition of bacteria from aquatic to terrestrial environments. PLoS Genetics 7: e1002430

  35. Yuan, M., Liu, B., Liu, E., Sheng, W., Zhang, Y., Crossan, A., Kennedy, I.R. and Wang, S. (2011). Immunoassay for phenylurea herbicides: application of molecular modeling and quantitative structure–activity relationship analysis on an antigen–antibody interaction study. Analytical chemistry 83: 4767-4774

  36. Kennedy, I.R. Crossan, A. N., Burns, M. and Shi, Y. 2011 Transport and fate of agrochemicals in the environment. in: Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology Ed. Kirk-Othmer, Published Online: 15 Apr 2011, DO1: 10.1002/0471238961.trankenn.a01, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp: 1–35.

  37. Cong, P. T., Dung, T. D., Hien, N. T., Choudhury, A., Rose, M. T., Kecskes, M. L., Deaker, R., and Kennedy, I.R. 2011 Effects of a multistrain biofertilizer and phosphorus rates on nutrition and grain yield of paddy rice on a sandy soil in southern vietnam. Journal of Plant Nutrition 34: 1058–1069


  38. Rose, M., Deaker, R., Potard, S., Tran, C., Vu, N. and Kennedy, I.R. 2010 The survival of plant growth promoting microorganisms in peat inoculant as measured by selective plate counting and enzyme-linked immunoassay. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 27: 1649-1659


  39. Cong, P.T., Dung, T.D., Hien, T.M., Hien, N.T., Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Kecskes, M.L. and Kennedy, I.R. 2009. Inoculant plant growth-promoting microorganisms enhance utilisation of urea-N and grain yield of paddy rice in southern Vietnam. European Journal of Soil Biology 45: 52–61

  40. Kecskes, M. L., Rose, M. T., Michel, E., Lauby, B., Rakotondrainibe, M., Casteriano, A., Palagyi, A., Moutouvirin, A., Elter, S., Guillas, R., Krishnen, G., and Kennedy, I.R. 2009 Rapid immuno-monitoring of inoculant plant growth-promoting microorganisms. Engineering in Life Sciences 9: 431-436

  41. Tran-Dinh, N., Kennedy, I.R., Bui, T. and Carter, D. 2009 Survey of Vietnamese Peanuts, Corn and Soil for the Presence of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Mycopathologia 168: 257-268


  42. Crossan, A.N. and Kennedy, I.R. 2008 Calculation of Pesticide Degradation in Decaying Cotton Gin Trash. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 81: 355–359

  43. Rose, M.T., Crossan, A.N. and Kennedy, I.R. 2008 The Effect of vegetation on pesticide dissipation from ponded trestment wetlands: Quantification using a simple model. Chemosphere 72: 999–1005

  44. Burns, M., Crossan, A.N., Kennedy, I.R. and Rose, M.T. 2008 Sorption and desorption of endosulfan sulfate and diuron to composted cotton gin trash. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 56: 5260-5265

  45. Rose, M.T., Crossan, A.N. and Kennedy, I.R. 2008 Sustaining action and optimizing entropy: Coupling efficiency for energy and the sustainsbility of global ecosystems. Bulletin of Science Technology Society 28: 260-272

  46. Ahmed, M.F., Kennedy, I.R., Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Kecskes, M.L. and Deaker, R. 2008 Phosphorus adsorption in some australian soils and influence of bacteria on the desorption of phosphorus. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 39: 1269–1294

  47. Kennedy, I.R., Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Kecskes, M.L. and Rose, M.T. (eds) 2008. Efficient nutrient use in rice production in Vietnam achieved using inoculant biofertilisers. In: Proceedings of a project (SMCN/2002/073) workshop held in Hanoi, Vietnam, 12–13 October 2007. ACIAR Proceedings 130: 137pp.

  48. Rose, M. T., Crossan, A. N., Kennedy, I.R. 2008 Sustaining Action and optimizing entropy: coupling efficiency for energy and the sustainability of global ecosystems. Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 28: 260-272


  49. Wang, S., Guo, A.Y., Zheng, W.J., Zhang, Y., Qiao, H. and Kennedy, I.R. 2007. Development of ELISA for the determination oftransgenic Bt-cottons using antibodies against Cry1Ac protein from Bacillus thuringiensis HD-73. Engineering in life sciences 7: 149-154

  50. Rose, M.T., Crossan, A.N. and Kennedy, I. 2007 Dissipation of cotton pesticides from runoff water in glasshouse columns. Water Air and Soil Pollution 182: 207–218

  51. Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Kennedy, I.R., Ahmed, M.F. and Kecskés, M.L. 2007. Phosphorus fertilization for rice and control of environmental pollution problems. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 10: 2098-2105

  52. Ilic, Z., Bui, T., Tran-Dinh, N., Dang, M.H.V., Kennedy, I.R. and Carter, D. 2007. Survey of Vietnamese coffee beans for the presence of ochratoxigenic Aspergilli. Mycopathologia 163: 177–182

  53. Deaker, R., Roughley, R. J. and Kennedy, I.R. 2007. Desiccation tolerance of rhizobia when protected by synthetic polymers. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 39: 573–580


  54. Wang, S., Zhang, H.Y., Wang, L., Duan, Z.J. and Kennedy, I.R. 2006. Analysis of sulphonamide residues in edible animal products: A review. Food Additives and Contaminants 23: 362–384

  55. Wang, S., Quan, Y., Lee, N. and Kennedy, I.R. 2006. Rapid determination of fumonisin B1 in food samples by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and colloidal gold immunoassay. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 54: 2491-2495

  56. Rose, M.T., Sanchez-Bayo, F., Crossan, A.N., and Kennedy, I.R. 2006 Pesticide removal from cotton farm tailwater by a pilot-scale ponded wetland. Chemosphere. 63: 1849-1858

  57. Shivaramaiah, H. M. and Kennedy, I.R. 2006. Biodegradation of Endosulfan by a Soil Bacterium. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, 41: 895–905,

  58. Wang. S., Zhang. H.Y., Wang. L., Duan. Z.J. and Kennedy, I.R. 2006 Analysis of sulphonamide residues in edible animal products: a review. Food Additives and Contaminants 23: 362–384


  59. Shivaramaiah, H. M., Sanchez-Bayo, F. , Al-Rifai, J. and Kennedy, I. R. 2005. The Fate of Endosulfan in Water. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B, 40:. 711–720.

  60. Lee, N. A., Rachaputi, N. C., Wright, G. C., Krosch, S., Norman, K., Anderson, J., Ambarwati, S., Retnowati, I., Dharmaputra , O. S. and Kennedy, I. R. 2005. Validation of analytical parameters of a competitive direct ELISA for aflatoxin B1 in peanuts. Food And Agricultural Immunology 16: 149-163.

  61. Kim, Ch., Kecskés, M.L., Deaker, R.J., Gilchrist, K., New, P.B., Kennedy, I.R., Kim, S. and Tongmin S. 2005. Wheat root colonization and nitrogenase activity by Azospirillum isolates from crop plants in Korea. Cananadian Journal of Microbiology 51: 948–956

  62. Choudhury, A.T.M.A. and Kennedy, I.R. 2005 Nitrogen fertilizer losses from rice soils and control of environmental pollution problems. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 36: 1625–1639

  63. Choudhury, A. T. M. A. and Kennedy, I.R. 2005. Prospects and potentials for systems of biological nitrogen fixation in sustainable rice production. Biology and Fertility of Soils 39: 219–227

  64. Crossan A.N., Trang, N.T. T., Ha, P. N. and Kennedy, I.R. ed. 2005. Safer selection and use of pesticides. ACIAR Monograph 117: 1-84.


  65. Li, Z., Wang, S., Lee, N. A., Allan, R. D. and Kennedy, I. R. 2004. Development of a solid-phase extraction-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method for the determination of estrone in water. Analytica Chimica Acta 503: 171–177

  66. Lee, N.A., Wang, S., Allan, R.D. and Kennedy, I.R., 2004. A rapid aflatoxin B1 ELISA: Development and validation with reduced matrix effects for peanuts, corn, pistachio, and Soybeans. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 52: 2746-2755.

  67. Kennedy, I.R., Choudhury, A.T.M.A., Kecskés, M.L. 2004. Non-symbiotic bacterial diazotrophs in crop-farming systems: can their potential for plant growth promotion be better exploited? Soil Biology and Biochemistry 36: 1229–1244

  68. Deaker, R., Roughley, R. J. and Kennedy, I.R. 2004. Legume seed inoculation technology-a review. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 36: 1275–1288


  69. Hien Thanh Nguyen, Deaker, R., Kennedy, I.R. and Roughley , R.J. 2003. The positive yield response of field-grown rice to inoculation with a multi-strain biofertiliser in the Hanoi area, Vietnam. Symbiosis 34: 1-15

  70. Lee, S.-E.; Kim, J.-S.; Kennedy, I. R.; Park, J.-W.; Kwon, G.-S.; Koh, S.-C.; Kim, J.-E. 2003. Biotransformation of an Organochlorine Insecticide, Endosulfan, by Anabaena Species. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry. 51: 1336-1340.

  71. Wang, S., Beasley, H. L., Sumpter, S. H. and Kennedy, I.R. 2003. Validation of pyrithiobac sodium (Staple® Herbicide) ELISA for Australian cotton soils. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B-Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes 38: 281–291


  72. Wang, S., Hill, A.S. and Kennedy, I.R. 2002. Rapid on-site immunoassay for diflubenzuron in grains. Analytica Chimica Acta 468: 209–215

  73. Sánchez-Bayo, F., Baskaran S. and Kennedy, I.R. 2002. Ecological relative risk (EcoRR): another approach for risk assessment of pesticides in agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 91: 37–57

  74. Crossan, A.N., Lee, N., Sharma, R., Kennedy, I.R., Beckett, R. 2002. Assessment of the distribution of pesticides on soil particle fractions in simulated irrigation run-off using centrifugal SPLITT fractionation and ELISA. Analytica Chimica Acta 468: 199–208

  75. Shivaramaiah, H.M., Odeh, I. O. A., Kennedy, I. R. and Skerritt, J. H. 2002. Mapping the distribution of DDT residues as DDE in the soils of the irrigated regions of Northern New South Wales, Australia using ELISA and GIS. Journal of Agriultural and Food Chemistry 50: 5360 -5367

  76. Kennedy, I. R. and Choudhury, A.T.M.A. 2002 Biofertilisers in Action, Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation 02-086. RIRDC, Barton ACT ISBN 0-642-58485-0 Canberra ACT, Australia.


  77. Kennedy, I.R. and Islam, N. 2001. The current and potential contribution of asymbiotic nitrogen fixation to nitrogen requirements on farms: a review. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture 41: 447–457

  78. Connolly, R. D., Kennedy, I. R., Silburn, D. M., Simpson, B.W.and Freebairn, D.M. 2001. Simulating endosulfan transport in runoff from cotton fields in Australia with the GLEAMS model. Journal of Environmental Quality 30: 702–713

  79. Kennedy, I.R., Sánchez-Bayo, F., Kimber, S.W., Hugo, L. and Ahmad, N. 2001. Off-Site movement of endosulfan from irrigated cotton in New South Wales. Journal of Environmental Quality 30: 683–696.

  80. Wood, C. C. and Kennedy, I.R. 2001 A Simple, handheld apparatus for generating small volumes of 15N2 from 15N-labeled ammonium salts. Analytical Biochemistry 296: 147–149

  81. Deaker, R. and Kennedy, I.R. 2001 Improved potential for nitrogen fixation in Azospirillum brasilense Sp7-S associated with wheat nifH expression as a function of oxygen pressure. Acta Biotechnologica 21: 3–17


  82. Kennedy, I. R., Pereg-Gerk, L., Deaker, R., Wood, C., Gilchrist, K., McFadden, D. and Islam, N. 2000 Critical parameters in facilitating the evolution of N2-fixing symbiosis between diazotrophs and cereals. In: The quest for nitrogen fixation in rice. Ladha, J. K. and Reddy, P. M. (eds) International Rice research Institute, Los Banos, pp. 219-239. ISBN 971-22-0112-0.

  83. Pereg Gerk, L., Gilchrist, K. and Kennedy, I. R. 2000 Mutants with enhanced nitrogenase activity in hydroponic Azospirillum brasilense-wheat associations. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 2175-2184

  84. Lee, N., Hill, A. S., Van Thin, B., Van An, T., Van To, L. and Kennedy, I. R. 2000. Monitoring mycotoxins and pesticides in grain and food production systems for risk management in Viet Nam and Australia. Quality assurance in agricultural produce, edited by G.I. Johnson, Le Van To, Nguyen Duy Duc and M.C. Webb. ACIAR Proceedings 100. Australia: 496-620.

  85. Kennedy, I. R. 2000 Action as a dynamic property of the genotype x environment interaction implications for biotechnology. Acta Biotechnologica 20: 351-368

  86. Kennedy, I. R., Sánchez-Bayo, F. and Caldwell, R. A. 2000 Cotton Pesticides in Perspective: A discussion paper regarding research on pesticide management for the cotton industry. CRC for Sustainable Cotton Production, ISBN 1-86451-306-3, Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Sydney.


  87. Pereg-Gerk, L., Paquelin, A., Gounon, P., Kennedy, I. R. and Elmerich, C. 1998 A transcriptional regulator of the LuxR-UhpA family, FlcA, controls flocculation and wheat root surface colonisation by Azospirillum brasilense Sp7. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 11: 177-187

  88. Kennedy, I. R., Katupitiya, S., Yu, D., Gilchrist, K., Deaker, R., Pereg-Gerk, L. and Wood, C. 1998 Prospects for facilitated evolution of effective N2-fixing associations with cereals: comparative performance of Azospirillum brasilense Sp7-S with various free-living diazotrophs in para-nodulated wheat. In: Nitrogen fixation with non-legumes. Malic, K. A., Mirza, M. S. and Ladha, J. K. (eds) Kluwer academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 109-124.

  89. Wood, C. C., Ritchie, R. J. and Kennedy, I.R. 1998 Membrane potential, proton and sodium motive forces in Azospirillum brasilense Sp7-S. FEMS Microbiology Letters 164: 295-301

  90. Kennedy, I.R., Ahmad, N., Beasley, H., Chapman, J., Hobbs, J., Simpson, B. and Woods, N. 1998. Quality assurance in pesticide sampling and analysis. Occasional Paper no. 14/98. Land and Water Resources Research and Development Corp., Canberra, ACT, Australia.


  91. Kennedy, I.R., Pereg-Gerk, L.L., Wood, C., Deaker, R., Gilchrist, K. and Katupitiya, S. 1997. Biological nitrogen fixation in non-leguminous field crops: Facilitating the evolution of an effective association between Azospirillum and wheat. Plant and Soil 194: 65–79.

  92. Allendera, W. A., Cresswella G. C., Kaldora, J. and Kennedy, I.R. 1997 Effect of lithium and lanthanum on herbicide induced hormesis in hydroponically-grown cotton and corn. Journal of Plant Nutrition 20: 81-95.


  93. Yu, D. and Kennedy, I.R. 1995 Nitrogenase activity (C2H2 reduction) of Azorhizobium in 2,4-D-induced root structures of wheat. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27: 459-462

  94. Katupitiya, S., New, P. B., Elmerich, C. and Kennedy, I.R. 1995 Improved N2 fixation in 2,4-D treated wheat roots associated with Azospirillum lipoferum: Studies of colonization using reporter genes. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27: 447-452

  95. Zwieten, L., Feng, L. and Kennedy, I.R. 1995 Colonisation of seedling roots by 2,4-D degrading bacteria: A plant-microbial model. Acta Biotechnologica 15: 27–39

  96. Katupitiya, S., Millet, J., Vesk, M., Viccars, L., Zeman, A., Lidong, Z., Elmerich, C. and Kennedy, I.R. 1995. A mutant of Azospirillum brasilense Sp7 Impaired in flocculation with a modified colonization pattern and superior nitrogen fixation in association with wheat. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 61: 1987-1995


  97. Arsene, F., Katupitiya, S., Kennedy, I.R. and Elmerich,C. 1994. Use of lacZ fusions to study the expression of nif genes ofAzospirillum brasilense in association with plants. Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions 7: 748-757
  98. Feng, L., Rolfe, B.G., Gartner, E. Van Zwienten, L. and Kennedy, I.R. 1994 Expression of the 2,4-D Degrading Plasmid pJP4 of Alcaligenes eutrophus in Rhizobium trifolii. Acta Biotechnologica 14: 119-129

  99. Dowtona, M. and Kennedy, I.R. 1994 Purification of glutamine synthetase by adenosine-affinity chromatography. Journal of Chromatography A 664: 280-283


  100. Sriskandarajah, S., Kennedy, I.R., Yu, D. and Tchan, Y.T., Effects of plant growth regulators on acetylene-reducing associations between Azospirillum brasilense and wheat. Plant and Soil 153: 165-178


  101. Zeman. A.M.M., Tchan, Y.T., Elmerich, C. and Kennedy, I.R. 1992 Nitrogenase activity in wheat seedlings bearing para-nodules induced by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and inoculated with Azospirillum. Research in Microbiology 143:. 847-855.

  102. Kennedy, I.R. and Tchan, Y.T., 1992 Biological nitrogen fixation in non-leguminous field crops: Recent advances. Plant and Soil 141:. 93-118.


  103. Tchan, Y.T., Zeman. A.M.M. Kennedy, I.R. 1991 Nitrogen fixation in para-nodules of wheat roots by introduced free-living diazotrophs. Plant and Soil 137:. 43-47.


  104. New, P.B. and Kennedy, I.R. 1989 Regional distribution and pH sensitivity of Azospirillum associated with wheat roots in eastern australia. Microbial Ecology 17: 299-309.


  105. Larkum, A.W.D., Kennedy, I.R. and Muller, W.J. 1988 Nitrogen fixatio on a coral reef. Marine Biology 98: 143-155.

  106. Dowton, M., Kennedy, I.R. and Wang, M. C. 1988 Localization of glutamine synthetase in fleshfly flight muscle. Insect Biochemistry 18: 717-727.


  107. Ravi Shankar, H.N., Kennedy, I.R. and New P. B. 1986 Autotrophic growth and nitrogen fixation in Derxia gummosa. Journal of General Microbiology 132: 1797-1803

  108. Dennis, S. and Kennedy, I.R. 1986 Monooxygenases from soybean root nodules: Aldrin epoxidase and cinnamic acid 4-hydroxylase. Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology 26: 29-35


  109. Dowton, M. and Kennedy, I.R. 1985 Purification and properties of glutamine synthetase from fleshfly flight muscle. Insect Biochemistry 15: 763-770

  110. Chen, J. and Kennedy, I.R. 1985 Purification and properties of lupin nodule glutamine synthetase. Phytochemistry 24: 2167-2172

  111. Dennis, S. and Kennedy, I.R. 1985 Aldrin epoxidase from soybean root nodules. Phytochemistry 24: 677-681


  112. McFarlane, E. F., McFarlane, D. R. and Kennedy, I.R. 1984 Isolation of b-N-acetyl-d-hexosaminidases from lupin seed. Phytochemistry 23: 2431-2433


  113. Murray, D. R. and Kennedy, I.R. 1980 Changes in activities of enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in seedcoats and cotyledons during embryo development in pea seeds. Plant Physiology 66:. 782-786.


  114. Stone, S. R., Copeland, L. and Kennedy, I.R. 1979 Glutamate dehydrogenase of lupin nodules: Purification and properties. Phytochemistry 18: 1273-1278.


  115. Planqué, K., Kennedy, I.R., de Vries, G. E., Quispel, A. and van Brussel, A.A.N. 1977. Location of Nitrogenase and Ammonia-assimilatory Enzymes in Bacteroids of Rhizobium leguminosarum and Rhizobium lupini. Journal of General Microbiology 102:. 95-104.


  116. Kennedy, I.R., Rigauda, J. and Trinchanta, J.C. 1975 Nitrate reductase from bacteroids of Rhizobium japonicum: enzyme characteristics and possible interaction with nitrogen fixation. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) 397:. 24-35.

  117. Earl, J. W. and Kennedy, I.R. 1975 Aldrin epoxidase from pea roots. Phytochemistry 14:. 1507-1512.


  118. Weitzman, P.D., Kennedy, I.R., Caldwell, R.A. 1971 Polarographic activity and electrolytic reduction of ferredoxin. FEBS Letters 17:. 241-244.


  119. Kennedy, I.R. 1970 Kinetics of acetylene and CN- reduction by the N2-fixing system of Rhizobium Lupino Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects 222:. 135-144.


  120. Kennedy Morris, J.A. and Mortenson, L.E. 1968 N2 fixation by purified components of the N2-fixing system of Clostridium pasteurianum. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) 153:. 777-786.


  121. Kennedy, I.R. 1966a Primary products of symbiotic nitrogen fixation: I. Short-term exposure of Serradella nodules to 15N2 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) 397:. 285-294.

  122. Kennedy, I.R. 1966b Primary products of symbiotic nitrogen fixation: II. Pulse-labelling of Serradella nodules with 15N2. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) 397:. 295-303.

  123. Kennedy, I.R., Parker, C. A and Kidby, D. K. 1966 The probable site of nitrogen fixation in root nodules of Ornithopus sativus. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) 130:. 517-519.


  124. Kennedy, I.R. 1965 Release of nitrogen from amino acids with ninhydrin for 15N analysis. Analytical Biochemistry 11:. 105-110.


  125. Dilworth, M.J. and Kennedy, I.R. 1963. Oxygen inhibition in Azotobacter vinelandii some enzymes concerned in acetate metabolism. Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 67:. 240-253.

  126. Kennedy, I.R. and Dilworth, M. J. 1963. Activation of isocitrate lyase and triosephosphate dehydrogenase in Azotobacter vinelandii extracts. Biochimica & Biophysica Acta 67:. 226-239.