Hermann Bothe

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Publications in scientific journals


  1. Bothe, H. 2015 The lime-silicate question. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 89: 172-183

  2. Slomka, A., Godzik, B., Szarek-Lukaszewska, G., Shuka, L., Hoef-Emden, K., and Bothe, H. 2015 Albanian violets of the section Melanium, their morphological variability, genetic similarity and their adaptations to serpentine or chalk soils. Journal of plant physiology 174: 110-123


  3. Migdalek G., Wozniak M., Jendrzejczyk-Korycinska M., Rostanski, A. Slomka A., Godzik B., Bothe H., Kuta, E. 2013 Morphological differences between violets growing on heavy metal and control sites. Flora 208: 87-96


  4. Bothe H. 2012. Arbuscular mycorrhiza and salt tolerance of plants. Symbiosis 58: 7– 16

  5. Denecke M., Eilmus S., Röder, N. Rosch, C., Bothe H. 2012 Molecular identification of the microbial diversity in two activated sludge reactors. Applied Microbiology 93: 1725-1734

  6. Kuta E., Bohdanowicz J., Slomka A., Pilarska M., Bothe H. 2012 Floral structure and pollen morphology of two zinc violets (Viola lutea ssp. calaminaria) and Viola lutea ssp. westfalica) indicate their taxonomic affinity to Viola lutea. Plant Systematics Evolution 298: 445-455


  7. Bothe, H. 2011 Plants in Heavy Metal Soils In: Detoxification of Heavy Metals (Eds.) Sherameti, I. and Varma, A. Chapter: 2 Vol:30 pp 35-57, Springer Publisher. Berlin Heidelberg

  8. Slomka A., Kuta E., Szarek-Kukaszewska G., Godzik B., Kapusta P., Tylko G., Banach, Z. 2011 Violets of the section Melanium, their colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their occurrence on heavy metal heaps. Journal of Plant Physiology 168: 1191-1199

  9. Bothe H. 2011 Toxine der Cyanobakterien. Mikrokosmos 100: 145-153

  10. Bothe H., Schmitz O., Yates M.G., Newton W.E. 2011 Nitrogenases and hydrogenase in cyanobacteria. In: Peschek G. A., Obringer C., Renger G. (eds) Bioenergetic processes of cyanobacteria, chapter 6, p. 137-158, Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York

  11. Bothe H. 2011 Die Heiden der Eifel, Jahrbuch 2012 des Eifelvereins Duren, S. 96-106


  12. Bothe, H., Turnau, K., and Regvar, M. 2010 The potential role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in protecting endangered plants and habitats. Mycorrhiza 20: 445-457 DOI 10.1007/s00572-010-0332-4

  13. Bothe H. 2010 Die Moore und Feuchtgebiete der Eifel, Eifeljahrbuch , S. 107-116

  14. Bothe H. 2010 Die Vegetation der Felsen der Eifel, Seiten 90-98 im Eifeljahrbuch 2011, Düren, Selbstverlag Eifelverein

  15. Bothe H., Tripp H. J., Zehr J.P. 2010 Unicellular cyanobacteria with a new mode of life: the lack of photosynthetic oxygen evolution allows nitrogen Wxation to proceed. Archives Microbiology 192: 783-790

  16. Bothe, H., Schmitz, O., Yates, M.G, Newton,W.E. 2010 Nitrogen fixation and hydrogen metabolism by cyanobacteria. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 74: 529-553

  17. Bothe, H., Regvar, M., Turnau, K. 2010 Arbuscular mycorrhiza, heavy metal and salt tolerance. In: Sherameti, I., Varma. A. (eds.) Soil heavy metals, Soil Biology Series, Springer, Heidelberg, Berlin, New York, 87-111


  18. Wilde, P, Manal, A., Stodden, M., Sieverding, E. Hildebrandt, U. and Bothe, H. 2009 Biodiversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in roots and soils of two salt marshes. Environmental Microbiology 11: 1548-1561

  19. Rosch, C. and Bothe H. (2009) Most bacterial members of the community structure of total, nitrogen-fixing and denitrifying bacteria in an acid forest soil have not yet been explored. European Journal of Soil Science online available

  20. Vogel-Mikus, K., Pongrac, P., Pelicon, P., Vavpetic, P., Povh, B., Bothe, H. and Regvar, M. 2009 Micro-PIXE analysis for localization and quantification of elements in roots of mycorrhizal plants. In: Soil Biology 18, chapter 14, pp. 227-242, eds. Varma A. and Amit Kharkwal A.C., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  21. Regvar, M., Likar, M., Mandic-Mulec, I., Stres, B. and Bothe H. 2009 Diversity and seasonal variations of mycorrhiza and rhizosphere bacteria in three common plant species at the Slovenian Ljubljana Marsh. Biology and Fertility of Soils 45: 573-583

  22. Bothe, H. 2009 Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and their roles in releiving abiotic stress. In: Crop plant resistance to biotic and abiotic factors: Current potential and future demands. Feldmann, F., Alford, D. V., Funk, C. (eds.) DPG Spectrum Phytomedizin Selbstverlag, 489-498

  23. Rosch, C., Bothe H. 2009 Diversity of total, nitrogen-fixing and denitrifying bacteria in an acid forest soil. European Journal of Soil Science 60: 883-894


  24. Bothe, H. Das Galmei-Veilchen, ein floristisches Rätsel unserer Heimat, Eifelverein-Jahrbuch 2007, S. 16 – 26, 2006

  25. Bothe, H., Winkelmann, S. amd Boison G., 2008 Maximizing hydrogen production by cyanobacteria. Biosciences (Z. Naturforsch ) 63c: 226-232

  26. Bothe, H., Boison, G. and Junkermann, S. 2008 Hydrogen production by cyanobacteria as a potential tool in energy conversion programmes, Proceedings of the XV. International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation, Capetown, January 2007 eds. F. Dakota et al., Springer, 357-360

  27. Fuzy, A., Biro, B. , Toth, T., Hildebrandt, U. and Bothe, H. 2008 Drought, but not salinity determines the apparent effectiveness of halophytes colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology 165: 1181-1192

  28. Bothe, H. 2008 Die Kalkmagerrasen der Eifel, Eifelverein Jahrbuch 2008, S.7 -18, 2007

  29. Bothe, H. 2008 Die Rolle der Pilze im Nährstoff-Kreislauf – unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Mykorrhiza-Symbiose – Mikrokosmos 97: 257-265

  30. Bothe, H. 2008 Die Kalkwälder der Eifel. Eifel-Jahrbuch 2009, S. 67-76


  31. Eilmus S., Roesch C. and Bothe H. 2007 Prokaryotic life in a potash-polluted marsh with emphasis on N-metabolizing microorganisms. Environmental Pollution 146: 478-491

  32. Hildebrandt, U., Regvar, M. and Bothe, H. 2007 Arbuscular mycorrhiza and heavy metal tolerance. Phytochemistry 68: 139-146

  33. Bothe, H., Ferguson, S. and Newton, W.E. 2007 Biology of the nitrogen cycle, book edition, Elsevier Amsterdam, 432 pages

  34. Stres, B., Bonete, M.J., Martinez-Espinosa, R.M., Mahne, I. and Bothe, H. 2007 Organisms of the nitrogen cycle under extreme conditions: low temperature, salinity, pH and water stress. In: Bothe, H., Ferguson, S., Newton, W.E. Biology of the nitrogen cycle, pp. 369-379, Elsevier Amsterdam

  35. Bothe, H. and Drake, H. 2007 Interactions of organisms resulting in enhanced activities of the N-cycle reactions. In: Bothe, H., Ferguson, S., Newton, W.E. Biology of the nitrogen cycle, pp.397-405 Elsevier Amsterdam


  36. Ouziad F., Wilde, P., Schmelzer, E., Hildebrandt U. and Bothe, H. 2006 Analysis of expression of aquaporins and Na+/H+ transporters in tomato colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and affected by salt stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany 57: 177-186

  37. Hildebrandt U., Ouziad F., Bothe H. 2006 The bacterium Paenibacillus validus stimulates growth of the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus intraradices till the formation of fertile spores. FEMS Microbiology Letters 254: 258-267

  38. Hildebrandt U., Hoef-Emden K., Backhausen S., Bothe H., Bozek M., Siuta A. and Kuta E. 2006 The rare, endemic zinc violets of Central Europe originate from Viola lutea Huds. Plant Systematics and Evolution 257: 205-222

  39. Bothe H. Pflanzliche Wärmezeitrelikte in der Eifel. Eilverein-Jahrbuch 2006, S. 97-106

  40. Rösch C., Eilmus S. and Bothe H. 2006 Approaches to assess the biodiversity of bacteria in natural habitats. Biochem Society Transactions 34: 169-173

  41. Sehy H., Schloter M., Bothe H. and Munch J.C. 2006 N2O emissions and denitrification from soil, p. 150-157, In: Bloem J. und Benedetti A. (eds.), Cabi. Press, Oxfordshire, England, 2005

  42. Boison G, Steingen C., Stal L.J. and Bothe H. 2006 The rice field cyanobacteria Anabaena azotica and Anabaena sp. CH1 express vanadium-dependent nitrogenase. Archives of Microbiology 186: 367-376


  43. Ouziad, F., Hildebrandt, U., Schmelzer, E. and Bothe, H. 2005 Differential gene expressions in arbuscular mycorrhizal tomato grown under heavy metal stress. Journal of Plant Physiology 162: 634-649

  44. Bothe, H. 2005 Pflanzliche Eiszeitrelikte in der Eifel. Eifelverein Jahrbuch 2005, S. 112-121

  45. Rosch C. and Bothe, H. 2005 Improved assessment of denitrifying, N2 -fixing and total-community bacteria by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis using multiple restriction enzymes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 2026-2035

  46. Bothe H. and Boison G. 2005 Electron donation and altermative nitrogenases in cyanobacterial dintrogen fixation. In: Wang, Y., Lin, M., Tian, Z.-X., Elmerich, C., Newton, W.E. (eds) biological nitrogen fixation, sustainable agriculture and the environment, Proceedings of the XIV International Congress on Dinitrogen Fixation, Beijing, 2004, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, p. 349-353


  47. Scheloske, S, Maetz, M, Schneider, T., Hildebrandt, U., Bothe, H. and Povh B. 2004 Element distribution in mycorrhizal and non-mycorrhizal roots of the halophyte Aster tripolium determined by proton induced X-ray emission. Protoplasma 223: 183-189

  48. Boison, G., Mergel, A., Jolkver, H. and Bothe, H. 2004 Bacterial life and dinitrogen-fixing at a gypsum rock. Applied Environmental Microbiology 70: 7070-7077


  49. Bothe, H. 2003 Die Osterglockenblüte in der Eifel, Eifelverein Düren, Jahrbuch 2003, S. 107-113

  50. Regvar, M., Vogel, K., Irgel, N., Wraber, T., Hildebrandt, U., Wilde P. And Bothe, H. 2003 Colonisation of pennycresses (Thlaspi sp.) of the Brassicaceae by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology 160: 615-626

  51. Bothe H. 2003 Bärenpflanzen in der Eifel Eifelverein Düren, Jahrbuch 2004, S.10-17

  52. Bothe, H. 2003 Mykorrhiza, die Lebensgemeinschaft zwischen Pilzen und Pflanzen als wichtigste Symbiose der Natur. Forschung (DFG) 2, 18-20


  53. Bothe, Ha., Moller Jensen, K., Mergel, A., Larsen, J., Jorgensen, C., Bothe, H. and Jorgensen, L. 2002 Heterotrophic bacteria growing in association with Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath) in a single cell protein production process. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 59: 33-39

  54. Bothe, H. 2002 Die Schwermetallflora im Aachen – Lütticher Raum. Eifelverein, Jahrbuch 11-18

  55. Hildebrandt, U., Schmelzer, E. and Bothe, H. 2002 Expression of nitrate transporter genes in tomato colonized by an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Physiologia Plantarum 115: 125-136

  56. Landwehr, M., Hildebrandt, U., Nawrath, K., Tóth, T., Biró, B. and Bothe H. 2002 The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus Glomus geosporum in European saline, sodic and gypsum soils. Mycorrhiza 12: 199-211

  57. Schmitz, O., Boison, G., Salzmann, H., Bothe, H., Wang, S., Schütz, K., Shu-hua, W. and Happe, T. 2002 HoxE–a subunit specific for pentameric bidirectional hydrogenase complex (HoxEFUYH) of cyanobacteria. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics 1554: 66-74

  58. Hildebrandt, U., Janetta, K. and Bothe, H. 2002 Towards growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi independently of a host plant. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68: 1919-1924

  59. Bothe, H., Mergel, A. and Rösch, C. 2002 Biodiversity of dinitrogen fixing and denitrifying bacteria in soils assessed by molecular biological methods. In Nitrogen Fixation, Global perspectives. T.M. Finan, M.R. Brian, D.B. Layzell, J.K. Vessey und W.E. Newton (Hrsg.), S. 305-308, CABI Publishing , Wallingford, Oxon G.B.

  60. Rösch, C. Mergel, A. and Bothe, H. 2002 Biodiversity of denitrifying and dinitrogen-fixing bacteria in an acid forest soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 68: 3818-3829


  61. Mergel, A., Kloos, K. and Bothe, H. 2001 Seasonal fluctuations in the population of denitrifying and N2-fixing bacteria in an acid soil of a Norway spruce forest. Plant and Soil 230: 145-160

  62. Mergel, A., Schmitz, O., Mallmann, T. and Bothe, H. 2001 Relative abundance of denitrifying and dinitrogen-fixing bacteria in layers of a forest soil. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 36: 33-42

  63. Hildebrandt, U., Janetta, K., Ouziad, F., Renne, B., Nawrath, K. and Bothe, H. 2001 Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of halophytes in Central European salt marshes. Mycorrhiza 10: 175-183

  64. Schroder, S., Hildebrandt, U., Bothe, H. and Niehaus, K. 2001 Suppression of an elicitor-induced oxidative burst reaction in Nicotiana tabacum and Medicago sativa cell cultures by corticrocin but not by mycorradicin. Mycorrhiza 11: 101-106

  65. Schmitz, O., Gurke, A. and Bothe, H. 2001 Molecular evidence for the aerobic expression of nifJ, encoding pyruvate: ferredoxin oxidoreductase, in cyanobacteria. FEMS Microbiology Letters 195: 97-102

  66. Kloos, K., Mergel, A., Rosch, C. and Bothe, H. 2001 Denitrification within the genus Azospirillum and other associative bacteria. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 28: 991-998

  67. Bothe, H. and Hildebrandt, U. 2001 AMF nitrate assimilation: Genes and ecophysiological aspects. In: Mycorrhizal Technology in Agriculture S. Gianinazzi, H. Schüepp, J.M. Barea, K. Haselwandter, (Hrsg.), Birkhäuser, Basel, pp 123-128

  68. Bothe, H. 2001 Das Element Stickstoff in der Welt der Briefmarken. Biologie und Chemie in unserer Zeit 3: 144 – 157, 186-199

  69. Bothe, H., Hildebrandt U., Ouziad, F., Landwehr, M. and Nawrath K. 2001 The colonization of plants from Central European heavy metal soils and salt marshes by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Proceedings of the Inter-COST meeting in Sorrento im December 2000, Minerva Biotec, 13: 65 – 67

  70. Schmitz, O., Boison, G. and Bothe, H. 2001 Quantitative analysis of expression of two circadian clock-controlled gene clusters coding for the bidirectional hydrogenase in the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC7942. Molecular Microbiology 41: 1409-1417


  71. Boison, G., Bothe, H. and Schmitz, O. 2000 Transcriptional analysis of hydrogenase genes in the cyanobacteria Anacystis nidulans and Anabaena variabilis monitored by RT-PCR. Current Microbiology 40: 315-321

  72. Bothe, H., Jost, G., Schloter, M., Ward, B.B. and Witzel, K.-P. 2000 Molecular analysis of ammonia and denitrification in natural environments. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 24: 673-690


  73. Bothe, H. 1999 Photosynthetischer Stickstoff-, Schwefel- und Wasserstoffmetabolismus, 10 Seiten, In: Hader, D., Photosynthese, ein Modernes Lehrbuch, Thieme, Stuttgart, im Druck

  74. Bothe, H., Boison, G. and Schmitz, O. 1999 Hydrogenases in Cyanobacteria, In: Proceedings of the IX. International Congress on Photosynthetic Prokaryotes, Wien, September 1997, Hrsg. G. Peschek, W. Loffelhardt, G. Schmetterer, Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 589-594

  75. Hildebrandt, U., Kaldorf, M. and Bothe, H. 1999 The zinc violet and its colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Journal of Plant Physiology 154: 709-717

  76. Kaldorf, M., Kuhn, A.J., Schroder, W.H., Hildebrandt U. and Bothe, H. 1999 Selective element deposits in maize colonized by a heavy metal tolerance conferring arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus. Journal of Plant Physiology154: 718-728

  77. Boison, G., Bothe, H., Hansel, A. and Lindblad, P. 1999 Evidence against a common use of the diaphorase subunits by the bidirectional hydrogenase and by the respiratory complex I in cyanobacteria. FEMS Microbiology Letters 174: 159-165

  78. Sokol, S., Kaldorf, M. and Bothe, H. 1999 Molecular chracterization and taxonomic affinities of species of the white rot fungus Ganoderma. Z. Naturforschung 54: 314-318


  79. Kaldorf, M., Schmelzer, E. and Bothe, H. 1998 Expression of maize and fungal nitrate reductase genes in arbuscular mycorrhiza. Plant Microbe Interactions 11: 439-448

  80. Kloos, K., Husgen, U.M. and Bothe, H. 1998 DNA-probing for genes coding for denitrification, N2-fixation and nitrification in bacteria isolated from different soils. Z. Naturforschung 53c: 69-81

  81. Fesefeldt, A., Kloos, K., Bothe, H., Lemmer, H. and Gliesche, C.G. 1998 Distribution of denitrification and nitrogen fixation genes in Hyphomicrobium ssp. and other budding bacteria. Canadian Journal of Micobiology 44: 181-186

  82. Boison, G., Schmitz, O., Schmitz, B. and Bothe, H. 1998 Unusual gene arrangement of the bidirectional hydrogenase and functional analysis of its diaphorase subunit HoxU in respiration of the unicellular cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. Current Microbiology 36: 253-258

  83. Schreiner, T., Hildebrandt, U., Bothe, H. and Marner, F.J. 1998 Chemical and biological characterization of corticrocin, a yellow pigment formed by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Piloderma croceum. Z. Naturforschung53c: 4-8

  84. Daum M., Zimmer W., Papen H., Kloos K., Nawrath K., Bothe H. 1998 Physiological and molecular biological characterization of ammonia oxidation of the heterotrophic nitrifier Pseudomonas putida. Current Microbiology 37: 281-288


  85. Bothe, H., Kloos, K., Kaiser, K., Schmitz, B. and Nawrath, K. 1997 Seasonal fluctuations of N2O-producing bacteria in an acid soil of a spruce forest, In: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Nitrous Oxíde Emissions, S. 315-320, Berichte der Physikalischen Chemie, Hrsg. K.H. Becker, P. Wiesen, Wuppertal


  86. Schmitz, O. and Bothe, H. 1996 NAD(P)+-dependent hydrogenase activity in extracts from the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. FEMS Microbiology Letters 135: 97-101

  87. Schmitz, O., Bothe, H. 1996 The diaphorase subunit HoxU of the bidirectional hydrogenase in electron transferring protein in cyanobacterial respiration? Naturwissenschaften, 83, 525-527

  88. Boison, G., Schmitz, O., Mikheeva, L., Shestakov, S. and Bothe, H. 1996 Cloning, molecular analysis and insertional mutagenesis of the bidirectional hydrogenase genes from the cyanobacterium Anacystis nidulans. FEBS Letters 394: 153-158

  89. Legocki, A., Bothe, H. and Puhler, A. 1996 (Buchherausgabe) Biological Fixation of Nitrogen for Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture, NATO ASI Series G, Vol. 39, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; New York

  90. Bothe, H., Kloos, K., Kaiser, K., Husgen, U., Sonnwald, S. and Schmitz, B. 1996 DNA-probing as a tool to monitor the ditsribution of N2-fixing, denitrifying and nitrifying bacteria in soils, In: Legocki, A., Bothe, H., Pühler, A. Biological Fixation of Nitrogen for Ecology and Sustainable Agriculture, NATO ASI Series G, Vol. 39, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg; New York , S. 195-198


  91. Zimmer W., Kloos K., Hundeshagen B., Niederau E., Bothe H. 1995 Auxin biosynthesis and denitrification in plant growth promoting bacteria. In: Nato-Advanced Research Workshop on Azospirillum and related microorganisms. Del Gallo M., Fendrik I., Vanderleyden J., de Zamaroczy M. (eds.), Nato Meeting / Nato ASI Series Vol. G 37, pp. 121-128

  92. Klingner, A., Hundeshagen, B., Kernebeck , H. and Bothe, H. 1995 Localization of the yellow pigment formed in roots of gramineous plants colonized by arbuscular fungi. Protoplasma185: 50-57

  93. Klingner, A., Bothe, H., Wray, V. and Marner, F.J. 1995 Identification of a yellow pigment formed in maize roots upon mycorrhizal colonization. Phytochemistry 38: 53-55

  94. Schmitz O., Boison G., Hilscher R., Hundeshagen B., Zimmer W., Lottspeich F., Bothe H. 1995 Molecular biological analysis of a bidirectional hydrogenase from cyanobacteria. European Journal of Biochemestry 233: 266-276

  95. Mikheeva, L.E., Schmitz, O., Shestakov, S.V. and Bothe, H. 1995 Mutants of the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis altered in hydrogenase activities. Z. Naturforschung50c: 505-510

  96. Bothe, H., Kloos, K. and Zimmer, W. 1995 Die Entwicklung von Gensonden zur Feststellung der Verbreitung von N2-fixierenden, denitrifizierenden und nitrifizierenden Mikroorganismen in Böden und Gewässern, Bodden (Kloster/Hiddensee) 2: 65-74

  97. Kloos, K., Fesefeldt, A., Gliesche, C.G. and Bothe, H. 1995 DNA-probing indicates the occurrence of denitrification and nitrogen fixation genes in Hyphomicrobium, Distribution of denitrifying and nitrogen fixing isolates of Hyphomicrobium in a sewage treatment plant. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 18. 205-213

  98. Bothe H., Schmitz O., Boison G., Hundeshagen B., Zimmer W. 1995 Nitrogenases and hydrogenases in cyanobacteria. In: Nitrogen fixation: Fundamentals and applications – Proceedings of the 10th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation, St. Petersburg, Russia. Tikhonovich I., Provorov N.A., Romanov V.E., Newton W.E. (eds.), Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, Boston, London, pp. 207-212


  99. Schlichting R., Kloos K., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1994 The metabolite transfer in Cyanophora paradoxa and ist cyanells. Endocytobiosis and Cell Research 10: 81-85

  100. Bothe H., Zimmer W., Kloos K., Kaldorf M. 1994 Azospirillum and related organisms: Ecological, physiological, biochemical and genetical aspects. In: Nitrogen fixation with non-legumes. Hegazi N.A., Fayez M., Monib M. (eds.), The American University in Cairo Press, pp. 43-52

  101. Esch, H., Hundeshagen, B., Schneider-Poetsch, Hj. and Bothe, H. 1994 Demonstration of abscisic acid in spores and hyphae of the arbuscular-mycorrhizal fungus Glomus and in the N2-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. Plant Science 99: 9-16

  102. Kaldorf M., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1994 Genetic evidence for the occurrence of assimilatory nitrate reductase in arbuscular mycorrhizal and other fungi. Mycorrhiza 5: 23-28

  103. Bothe, H., Klingner, A., Kaldorf, M., Schmitz, O., Esch, H., Hundeshagen, B. and Kernebeck, H. 1994 Biochemical approaches to the study of plant-fungal interactions in arbuscular mycorrhiza. Experientia 50: 919-923

  104. Schmitz O., Boison G., Hundeshagen B., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1994 Molecular biological aspects of the nitrogenase-hydrogenase relationship. In: Proceedings of the first European Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. Kiss G.B., Endre G. (eds.), Officina Press, Szeged, pp. 28-32


  105. Kaldorf, M., Linne von Berg, K.-H., Meier, U., Servos, U. and Bothe, H. 1993 The reduction of nitrous oxide to dinitrogen by Escherichia coli. Archives of Microbiology 160: 432-439

  106. Schlichting, R., Kloos, K. and Bothe, H. 1993 The metabolite transfer in cyanophora paradoxa and its cyanelles, Proceedings of the Vth International Colloquium on Endocytobiology and Symbiosis (S. Sato, M. Ishida, H. Ishikawa (eds). 301-304, Tübingen, University Press.

  107. Schmitz O., Kentemich T., Zimmer W., Hundeshagen B., Bothe H. 1993 Identification of the nifJ gene coding for pyruvate: ferredoxin oxidoreductase in dinitrogen-fixing cyanobacteria. Archives of Microbiology 160: 62-67

  108. Schlichting, R. and Bothe, H. 1993 The cyanelles (organelles of a low evolutionary scale) possess a phosphate-translocator and a glucose-carrier in Cyanophora paradoxa. Botanica Acta 106: 428-434

  109. Kloos K., Schlichting R., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1993 Glutamine and glutamate transport in Cyanophora paradoxa. Botanica Acta 106: 435-440

  110. Bothe, H. 1993 The conversion of solar energy to hydrogen by microorganisms, In: New Energy Systems and Conversions, Ohta,T. Homma, T. (eds), Universal Academy Press, Inc., Tokyo, Japan 215-217


  111. Linne von Berg, K.-H., Voßwinkel, R. and Bothe, H. 1992 The denitrifying bacteria and their interactions with plants, In: Nitrogen Metabolism of Plants Proceedings of the Phytochemical Society of Europe, Vol. 33, K. Mengel, D. J. Pilbeam (eds.), S. 39-54, Clarendon Press, Oxford

  112. Bothe, H., Korsgen, H., Lehmacher, T. and Hundeshagen, B. 1992 Differential effects of Azospirillum, auxin and combined nitrogen on the growth of the roots of wheat. Symbiosis 13: 167-179

  113. Linne von Berg, K. H. and Bothe, H. 1992 The distribution of denitrifying bacteria in soils monitored by DNA-probing. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 86: 331-340

  114. Heping, D., Kentemich, T., Schmitz, K., Muller, B. and Bothe, H. 1992 Distribution of thioredoxins in heterocysts and vegetative cells of cyanobacteria. Journal of Photochemestry and Photobiology 16: 285-295

  115. Bothe, H. V. 1992 Metabolism of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Progress in Botany 54: 201-217

  116. Danneberg G., Latus C., Zimmer W., Hundeshagen B., Schneider-Poetsch H., Bothe H. 1992 Influence of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza on phytohormone balances in maize (Zea mays L.). Plant Physiology 141: 33-39


  117. Bothe, H. and Kentemich, T. 1991 Potentialities of H2-Production by cyanobacteria for solar energy conversion programs, In: Hydrogen Energy Progress VIII, Proceedings of the 8th World Hydrogen Energy Conference Honolulu, and Waikoloa, Hawaii. Hrsg.: T. N. Veziroglu und P. K. Takahashi, S. 729-734

  118. Bothe, H. V. 1991 Metabolism of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Progress in Botany 52: 122-137

  119. Bothe, H., Kentemich, T. and Heping, D. 1991 Recent aspects on the hydrogenase-nitrogenase relationship in cyanobacteria, Proceedings of V. International Symposium on Nitrogen Fixation with Non-Legumes, Florenz, Sept. 10-14 (1990), M. Polsinelli, R. Materassi, M. Vincencini, pp. 367-375, Kluwer, Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster

  120. Kentemich, T., Haverkamp, G. and Bothe, H. 1991 The expression of a third nitrogenase in the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. Z. Naturforschung 46c: 217-222

  121. Linne von Berg, K. H., Voßwinkel, R. and Bothe, H. 1991 Parametrization and biochemical characterization of NOx-evolving microorganisms living in association with plants, In: The Proceedings of Eurotrac Symposium 90, P. Borrell et al. (Hrsg) SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague, The Netherlands, 159-161

  122. Voßwinkel, R., Neidt, I. and Bothe, H. 1991 The production and utilization of nitric oxide by a new, denitrifying strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Archive Microbiology 156: 62-69

  123. Schmitz, O., Danneberg, G., Hundeshagen, B., Klingner, A. and Bothe, H. 1991 Quantification of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza by biochemical parameters. Journal of Plant Physiology 139: 106-114

  124. Kentemich, T., Casper, M. and Bothe, H. 1991 The reversible hydrogenase in Anacystis nidulans is a component of the cytoplasmic membrane. Naturwissenschaften 78, 559-560


  125. Voßwinkel, R. and Bothe H. 1990 Production of nitrous oxide and nitric oxide by nitrate-respiring bacteria, In: Inorganic Nitrogen in Plants and Microorganisms. W.R. Ullrich, C. Rigano, A. Fuggi, P. J. Aparicio (eds) S. 216-221, Springer-Verlag, Berlin

  126. Kentemich, T., Haverkamp, G. and Bothe, H. 1990 Die Gewinnung von molekularem Wasserstoff durch Cyanobakterien. Naturwissenschaften 77: 12-18

  127. Schlichting R., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1990 Exchange of metabolites in Cyanophora paradoxa and ist cyanells. Botanica Acta 103: 392-398


  128. Zimmer, W. and Bothe, H. (1989) The phytohormonal interactions between Azospirillum and wheat, F.A. Skinner et.al. (Eds.), Nitrogen fixation with non-legumes, Kluwer Academis Publishers. 137-145

  129. Danneberg G., Zimmer W., Bothe H. (1989) Energy transduction efficiencies in nitrous oxide respiration of Azospirillum brasilense Sp 7. Archives of Microbiology 151: 445-453

  130. Kentemich, T., Bahnweg, M., Mayer, F. and Bothe, H. (1989) Localization of the reversible hydrogenase in cyanobacteria. Z. Naturforschung, 44c: 384-391


  131. Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1988 The phytohormonal interactions between Azospirillum and wheat. Plant and Soil 110: 6522-6526

  132. Bothe, H. and Neuer, G. 1988 Electron donation to nitrogenase in heterocysts Methods Enzymology Special Volume on Cyanobacteria, Hrsg. L. Packer, A.L. Glazer, 167, 496-501

  133. Zimmer W., Roeben K., Bothe H. 1988 An alternative explanation for the plant growth promotion by bacteria of the genus Azospirillum. Planta 176: 333-342

  134. Bothe, H., Zimmer, W. and Danneberg, G. 1988 Die Assoziation zwischen Bakterien der Gattung Azospirillum und Gräsern. Biologie in unserer Zeit 18: 145-148

  135. Bothe, H. and Zimmer, W. 1988 Das Experiment: Versuche zur Assoziation von Azospirillum und Gramineen, Biologie in unserer Zeit, 18, 149-151

  136. Kentemich, T., Danneberg, G., Hundeshagen, B. and Bothe, H. 1988 Evidence for the occurrence of the alternative, vanadium-containing nitrogenase in the cyanobacterium Anabaena variabilis. FEMS Microbiology Letters 51: 19-24

  137. Bothe, H. 1988 100 Jahre Stickstoffixierung, Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau 40: 480-481

  138. Bothe, H. 1988 7th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation,13.3.- 20.3.1988, Forum Microbiol 7: 318-320

  139. Häger, K.-P., Hundeshagen, B. and Bothe, H. 1988 Nitrogen fixation and reversed respiratory electron transport in Azotobacter and Bradyrhizobium, In: Nitrogen Fixation. Hundred Years After. Bothe, H., de Bruijn, F.J. and Newton, W.E. (Hrsg.), S. 249-255, Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, New York

  140. Buchherausgabe: Bothe, H., de Bruijn, F.J. and Newton, W.E. (Hrsg.) 1988 Nitrogen Fixation: Hundred Years After, Proceedings of the 7th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation, Köln, March 13-20, 1988, S. 1-878, Gustav Fischer, Stuttgart, New York

  141. Hager, K.-P., Hundeshagen, B. and Bothe, H. 1988 The demonstration of the reversed respiration in intact cells of chemolithoautotrophically grown Bradyrhizobium japonicum. FEMS Microbiology Letters 56: 189-194


  142. Zimmer, W., Roeben, K., Danneberg, G. and Bothe, H. 1987 The bacterial genus Azospirillum and its potential applications In: Proceedings of the International Meeting on Nitrogen Metabolism, Hrsg. W. Ullrich, P. Aparicio, P.J. Syrett, F. Castillo, 177-182, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg

  143. Hager, K.-P. and Bothe, H. 1987 Reduction of NAD+ by reversed respiratory electron flow in Azotobacter vinelandii. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 892: 213-223

  144. Häger, K.-P., Gätz, A. and Bothe, H. 1987 Succinate-dependent NAD+ reduction by the reversed respiratory electron transport in Bradyrhizobium japonicum. Journal of Plant Physiology131: 91-100

  145. Bothe, H. 1987 III. Metabolism of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Progress in Botany 49: 103-116


  146. Danneberg, G., Kronenberg, A., Neuer, G. and Bothe, H. 1986 Aspects of nitrogen fixation and denitrification by Azospirillum. Plant and Soil 90: 193-202

  147. Papen, H., Kentemich, T., Schmülling, T. and Bothe, H. 1986 Hydrogenase activities in cyanobacteria. Biochimie 68: 121-132

  148. Papen, H., Neuer, G., Sauer, A. and Bothe, H. 1986 Properties of the glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase in heterocysts and vegetative cells of cyanobacteria. FEMS Microbiology Letters 36: 201-206


  149. Bothe, H. 1985 The role of oxygen in biological nitrogen fixation. Period. Biologorum, Belgrad 87: 111-120

  150. Neuer, G., Kronenberg, A. and Bothe, H. 1985 Denitrification and nitrogen fixation by Azospirillum, III. Properties of a wheat-Azospirillum association. Archive Microbiology 141: 364-370

  151. Neuer, G. and Bothe, H. 1985 Electron donation to nitrogenase in heterocysts of cyanobacteria. Archive Microbiology 143: 185-191

  152. Zimmer W., Danneberg G., Bothe H. 1985 Amperometric method for determining nitrous oxide in denitrification and in nitrogenase-catalyzed nitrous oxide reduction. Current Microbiology 12: 341-346

  153. Danneberg G., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1985 Some physiological and biochemical properties of denitrification by Azospirillum brasilense. In: Azospirillum III: Genetics, Physiology, Ecology. Klingmüller W. (ed), Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 127-138

  154. Bothe, H. 1985 Metabolism of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Progress in Botany 47: 105-117


  155. Bothe, H., Nelles, H., H„ger, K.P., Papen, H. and Neuer, G. 1984 Physiology and biochemistry of N2- fixation by cyanobacteria, In: Advances in nitrogen fixation research, C. Veeger, W.E. Newton (eds.), Nijhoff, Junk, Pudoc, The Hague, Boston, Wageningen, 199-210

  156. Bothe, H., Nelles, H., Kentemich, T., Papen, H. and Neuer, G. 1984 Recent aspects of heterocysts biochemistry and differentation, In: Compartments in algal cells and their interaction, W. Wiessner, D. Robinson, R.C. Starr (eds.), Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg, 218-232

  157. Papen, H. and Bothe, H. 1984 The activation of glutamine synthetase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena cylindrica by thioredoxin. FEMS Microbiology Letters 23: 41-46

  158. Zimmer W., Penteado Stephan M., Bothe H. 1984 Denitrification by Azospirillum brasilense Sp 7. I. Growth with nitrite as respiratory electron acceptor. Archives of Microbiology 138: 206-211

  159. Penteado Stephan M., Zimmer W., Bothe H. 1984 Denitrification by Azospirillum brasilense Sp 7. II. Growth with nitrous oxide as respiratory electron acceptor. Archives of Microbiology 138: 212-216


  160. Bothe, H., Yates, M.G. and Cannon, F.C. 1983 Physiology, biochemistry and genetics of dinitrogen fixation, Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, New Series, Vol. XVa, A.Läuchli und R. Bieleski Hrsg., Springer, Berlin, 241-285

  161. Neuer, G., Papen, H. and Bothe, H. 1983 Heterocyst biochemistry and differentiation, Cell differentation and function, G. Papageorgiou und L. Packer (Hrsg.) Elsevier, North Holland, 219-242

  162. Floener, L. and Bothe, H. 1983 The mutual relationship between Cyanophora paradoxa and its cyanelles, Endocytobiology Vol. II, Hrsg. Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, New York, 471-474

  163. Häger, K.-P., Danneberg, G. and Bothe, H. 1983 The glutamate synthase in heterocysts of Nostoc muscorum. FEMS Letters 17: 179-183

  164. Papen, H., Neuer, G., Refaian, M. and Bothe, H. 1983 The isocitrate dehydrogenase from cyanobacteria. Archive Microbiology 134: 73-79

  165. Bothe, H., Barbosa, G. and Döbereiner, J. 1983 Nitrogen fixation and nitrate respiration by Azospirillum brasilense. Z. Naturforschung38c: 571-577

  166. Bothe, H. 1983 IV. Metabolism of inorganic nitrogen compounds. Progress in Botany 45: 106-119

  167. Neuer, G. and Bothe, H. 1983 Anaplerotic reactions in Anabaena cylindrica. FEBS Letters 158: 79-83

  168. (1) Bothe H., Kronenberg A., Stephan M.P., Zimmer W., Neuer G. 1983 Nitrogen fixation and denitrification by a wheat-Azospirillum association. In:Azospirillum II: Genetics, Physiology, Ecology. Experientia Supplementum Vol. 48, Klingmüller W. (ed.), Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel, Boston, pp. 100-119


  169. Bothe, H. 1982 Hydrogen production by algae. Experientia 38: 59-64

  170. Bothe, H. 1982 Nitrogen fixation, In: The biology of cyanobacteria, N.G. Carr and B.C. Whitton Hrsg. Blackwell, Oxford, 87-104

  171. Neuer, G. and Bothe, H. 1982 The pyruvate: ferredoxin oxidoreductase in heterocysts of Anabaena cylindrica. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 716: 358-365

  172. Floener, L., Danneberg, G. and Bothe, H. 1982 Metabolic activities in Cyanophora paradoxa and its cyanelles, I. The enzymes of assimilatory nitrate reduction. Planta 156: 70-77

  173. Floener, L. and Bothe, H. 1982 Metabolic activities in Cyanophora paradoxa and its cyanelles, II. Photosynthesis and respiration. Planta 156: 78-83


  174. Bothe, H. and Eisbrenner, G. 1981 The hydrogenase-nitrogenase relationship in nitrogen-fixing organisms, H. Bothe, A. Trebst. Biology of inorganic nitrogen and sulfur compounds, Springer, Berlin: 141-150

  175. Bothe, H. and Trebst, A. 1981 Biology of inorganic nitrogen and sulfur compounds Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, 1-384

  176. Bothe, H. and Häger, K.-P. 1981 Electron transport to assimilatory nitrate reductase in Azotobacter vinelandii. Z. Naturforschung36c: 1030-1035

  177. Eisbrenner, G., Roos, P. and Bothe, H. 1981 The number of hydrogenase in cyanobacteria. Journal of General Microbiology 125: 383-390

  178. Bothe, H., Klein, B., Stephan, M.P. and Döbereiner, J. 1981 Transformations of inorganic nitrogen by Azospirillum spp.. Archive Microbiology 130: 96-100


  179. Bothe, H., Neuer, G., Kalbe, I. and Eisbrenner, G. 1980 Electron donors and hydrogenase in nitrogen- fixing microorganisms Nitrogen Fixation, (W.D.P. Stewart and J.R. Gallon, eds.), Academic Press, New York, London, 83-112

  180. Floener, L. and Bothe, H. 1980 Nitrogen fixation in Rhopalodia gibba, a diatom containing blue-greenish inclusions symbiotically, Endocytobiology, Endosymbiosis and Cell Biology, W. Schwemmler, H.E.A. Schenk, Hrsg. Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, New York, 541-552


  181. Eisbrenner, G. and Bothe, H. 1979 Modes of electron transfer from molecular hydrogen in Anabaena cylindrica. Archive Microbiology 123: 37-45


  182. Yates, M.G., O`Donnell, M.J., Lowe, D.J. and Bothe, H. 1978 Ferredoxins from nitrogen-fixing bacteria: Physical and chemical characterization of two ferredoxins from Mycobacterium flavum 301. European Journal of Biochemmestry85: 291-299

  183. Bothe, H., Distler, E. and Eisbrenner, G. 1978 Hydrogen Metabolism in blue-green algae. Biochimie 60: 277-289

  184. Eisbrenner, G., Distler, E., Floener, L. and Bothe, H. 1978 The occurrence of the hydrogenase in some blue-green algae. Archive Microbiology 118: 177-184

  185. Bothe, H. and Eisbrenner, G. 1978 Aspects of hydrogen metabolism in blue-green algae Hydrogenases, (H.G. Schlegel, K. Schneider, eds.) Goltze-Verlag, Göttingen, 353-369

  186. Bothe, H. and Floener, L. 1978 Physiological characterisation of Cyanophora paradoxa, a flagellate containing cyanelles in endosymbiosis. Z. Naturforschung33c: 981-987


  187. Bothe, H. and Eisbrenner, G. 1977 Effect of 7-azatryptophan on nitrogen fixation and heterocyst formatin in the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Biochimie und Physiologie der Pfanzen 171: 323-332

  188. Bothe, H., Tennigkeit, J., Eisbrenner, G. and Yates, M.G. 1977 The hydrogenase-nitrogenase relationship in the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Planta 133: 237-242

  189. Bothe, H., Tennigkeit, J. and Eisbrenner, G. 1977 The utilization of molecular hydrogen by the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Archive Microbiology 114: 43-49

  190. Bothe, H. 1977 Flavodoxin Encyclopedia of Plant Physiol, New Series, Vol. 5 I, 217-221


  191. Bothe, H. and Yates, M.G. 1976 The electron transport to nitrogenase in Mycobacterium flavum. Archive Microbiology 107: 25-31

  192. Bothe, H. 1976 Die biologische Stickstoffixierung, Naturwissenschaftl. Rundschau 29: 316-324

  193. Bothe, H. 1976 Salzresistenz bei Pflanzen, Biologie in unserer Zeit 6, 2-9


  194. Bothe, H. and Nolteernsting, U. 1975 Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, pyruvate: ferredoxin oxidoreductase and lipoic acid content in microorganisms. Archive Microbiology 102: 53-57


  195. Bothe, H., Falkenberg, B. and Nolteernsting, U. 1974 Properties and function of the pyruvate: ferredoxin oxidoreductase from the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Archive Microbiology 96: 291-304


  196. Bothe, H. and Falkenberg, B. 1973 Demonstration and possible role of a ferredoxin dependent pyruvate decarboxylation in the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Plant Science Letters 1: 151-156


  197. Van Lin, B. and Bothe, H. 1972 Flavodoxin from Azotobacter vinelandii. Archive Microbiology 82: 155-172

  198. Bothe, H. and Loos, E. 1972 Effect of far red light and inhibitors on nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis in the blue-green alga Anabaena cylindrica. Archive Microbiology 86: 241-254

  199. Bothe, H. and Falkenberg, B. 1972 The reduction of flavodoxin from Azotobacter vinelandii, by pyruvate. Z. Naturforschung27b: 1090-1094

  200. Bothe, H. 1972 Relationship between nitrogen fixation and photosynthesis in blue-green algae, Proceedings of the IInd International Congress on Photosynthesis Research, ed. by G. Forti, M. Avron and A. Melandri; Dr. W. Junk, N.V. Publisher, The Hague, Vol.III, 2169-2178


  201. Bothe, H. 1971 Ferredoxin als Kofaktor der Stickstoffixierung mit zellfreien Extrakten aus der Blaualge Anabaena cylindrica, First European Biophysics Congress, Verlag der Wiener Medizinischen Akademie Vol. IV, 109-113

  202. Bothe, H., Hemmerich, P. and Sund, H. 1971 Some properties of phytoflavin isolated from the blue-green alga Anacystis nidulans Flavins and Flavoproteins, ed by H. Kamin, University Park Press, Baltimore, 211-226


  203. Bothe, H. and Berzborn, R. 1970 Wirkung von Antikörpern gegen die Ferredoxin-NADP+-Reduktase aus Spinat auf photosynthetischen Reaktionen in einem zellfreien System aus der Blaualge Anacystis nidulans. Z. Naturforschung25b: 529-543

  204. Bothe, H. 1970 Photosynthetische Stickstoffixierung mit einem zellfreien Extrakt aus der Blaualge Anabaena cylindrica, Ber. Dtsch. Bot.Ges. Bd. 83, Heft 9/10, S. 421-432


  205. Bothe, H. 1969 The role of phytoflavin in photosynthetic reactions Progress in Photosynthesis Research, ed. and published by H. Metzner, Vol. III, 1483-1491

  206. Bothe, H. 1969 Ferredoxin als Kofactor der cyclischen Photophosphorylierung in einem zellfreien System aus der Blaualge Anacystis nidulans. Z. Naturforschung24b: 1574-1582


  207. Bothe, H. 1968 Ferredoxin und Phytoflavin in photosynthetischen Reaktionen einer Präparation aus der Blaualge Anacystis nidulans, Thesis, Göttingen

  208. Evans, M.C.W., Hall, D.O., Bothe, H. and Whatley, F.R. 1968 The Stoicheiometry of Electron Transfer by Bacterial and Plant Ferredoxins. Biochemical Journal 110: 485-489


  209. Trebst, A. and Bothe, H. 1966 Zur Rolle des Phytoflavins im photosynthetischen Elektronentransport. Ber. dtsch. Bot. Ges. 79: 44-47

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